2) Tourism according to purpose (1): Religious Tourism Religious Tourism: Is the transfer of the tourist from their place of residence to other areas with the aim of conducting religious visits and trips inside and outside the country for a period of time, a great deal of religious passion or religious commission to do some rituals or rituals associated with religious teachings. The most important religious sites in the world: Islamic religious monuments. Christian religious monuments. C) Jewish religious monuments. (D) Other religious monuments. In another definition of religious tourism (“traveling from one country to another or moving within the borders of a particular country to visit holy places, it is a tourism that cares about the spiritual contemplation of man”). The Makki Mosque is one of the most popular destinations for religious tourism in addition to the Prophet’s Mosque in Medina. Religious tourism can be the object of advocacy or charity, where an individual or group of individuals organizes trips for advocacy or charity. B. Natural Tourism Ecotourism: “Ecotourism” means travel to the pristine natural areas for the purpose of observing, studying, and enjoying the natural beauty, its vegetative and animal context and its natural wealth. Natural tourism is part of the tourism interests section. It is also known as: “Travel to natural areas that have not been polluted and whose natural balance has not been disturbed, in order to enjoy their landscapes, plants, wild animals and civilizations in the past and present.” C – Tourism Shopping Marketing Tourism: It is a modern tourism adopted by countries where the cost of labor is low and the level of production to high rates and therefore lower prices to become a key factor in attracting tourists who want to buy goods and cheap products. This type of tourism as an important tourist destination has become an important tool for enhancing tourism expenditure in many countries, marketing tourist destination and promoting national products and commodities. D- Weekend Tourism: The international tourism companies started to encourage this type of tourism instead of tourism for a long time by simple use, instead of spending a week or more in normal places and enjoy a tourist product that is not completely attractive, why not spend two or three days at the most luxurious places and stay in the best hotels The food you enjoy in the most beautiful places and spend in that short period you can spend in a week or two. E. Social Tourism Social Tourism: This kind of tourism activates the countries that are only one cultural and social one, as is the case between Yemen and Saudi Arabia, where the two peoples link the relations of descent and light. This type of tourism is called public tourism or holiday tourism, where relatives and friends exchange visits through internal travel from one province to another, or travel abroad from one country to another. Archaeological and Historical Tourism: This kind of tourism is concerned with a certain segment of tourists at different levels of culture and education, where the focus is on visiting the areas with many historical and cultural features. This type of tourism represents 10% of the world tourism movement, and we find this kind of tourism is to enjoy the ancient civilizations and the most famous civilization of Saba, Hamir and Maayan in Yemen and civilization of Mesopotamia in Iraq and the civilization of pharaohs in Egypt and throughout history and ages. G. Tourism of the Marshlands and Lakes Lake Tourism: Iraq enjoys attractive areas with its bright sun and unique climate in the winter, covered by vast areas of natural natural water called marshes as well as artificial lakes. It is possible to transform these areas into great tourist places after re-living, especially marshes and providing all necessary supplies and services. Tourism investment. The Marshlands are located in three Iraqi governorates: Nasiriyah. Architecture. Basra. The lakes include many of them, such as Al-Tharthar Lake near Samarra, Lake Habbaniyah near Ramadi, Dokan and Darbandikhan, in the vicinity of Sulaymaniyah, Al-Razazah Lake near Karbala, Lake Sawah near Samawah, Lake Hamrin Dam, Lake Mosul Dam and Lake Duhok Lake. (1) Mohamed Omar Mo’men, Al-Tahtait Touristic, p. (1) Rauf, Mohammed Ali Ansari, Tourism in Iraq and its role in development and reconstruction, d., Lebanon, Beirut, Press Press, 2008, p.