Travel diseases and ways to prevent them
As far as travel is of fun, it may also cause some problems of forms of diseases that can be transmitted to travelers suddenly, and this may be due to different weather, food, atmosphere, water, etc., so it is important to learn about the most famous travel diseases And how to take preventive measures to avoid them, by following the necessary steps, you will enable you, dear traveler, to enjoy good health in any country around the world between the local culture and the tourist attractions.
1. Diarrhea.. Diarrhea affects nearly 40% of travelers to developing regions of the world, and may be transmitted through contaminated water or ice cubes made from this water, and poor hygiene or poor practices used when preparing food, if you want to have a healthy travel experience. You must be careful about drinking or eating local foods and products, antibiotics can reduce the duration and severity of the disease, and you must also consult your doctor before leaving for appropriate treatment if you develop this disease in your new destination.
2. Malaria.. Malaria is a parasitic disease transmitted by the bite of a female mosquito. It is a disease that is often fatal, and is widespread in Africa, sub-Saharan Africa and southern Asia. In fact, this disease is responsible for the death of nearly one million people annually, and symptoms begin With fever, muscle aches, and general tremors, this illness can appear a year after you return home, so stick to current malaria prevention measures which include getting a course of medication before, during and after your trip.
3. Dengue fever.. It is transmitted by the bite of a mosquito, and it has emerged as a serious disease over the past 50 years, especially in tropical and subtropical places around the world, and most of the cases that were infected were on trips to the Caribbean, and the Ocean Islands Pacific, Asia, Central and South America, the most severe cases can cause flu-like symptoms and may lead to shock and death, and as with other mosquito-borne diseases, preventive measures include the use of insect repellent, and the wearing of appropriate and loose clothing.
4: Hepatitis.. There are different forms of hepatitis; Hepatitis A, a virus that infects the liver, is one of the most common diseases that can be avoided with pre-travel vaccines, especially to developing countries, and is transmitted to the body through contaminated food and water, and its symptoms extend from abdominal pain, to what looks like influenza, there Hepatitis B is also transmitted by one of the most common viruses in the world, and is considered a major cause of chronic hepatitis and liver cancer. Symptoms of this disease include complaints of flu-like symptoms, loss of appetite, nausea, diarrhea, abdominal pain and jaundice. The disease is transmitted by Contaminated surgical instruments, blood transfusions,
5. Typhoid.. It is caused by typhoid bacteria that you can transmit through contaminated food and water, and this disease is of particular concern when visiting countries that do not follow well-developed sanitation systems and networks. This serious illness can lead to death, and symptoms include fever and potentially delirium, headache, malaise, and rash, and the traveler should take the typhoid vaccine before the trip, which will provide him with about two years of protection.
6. Polio is an infectious disease transmitted through contaminated food and water, and despite improvements in hygiene practices and immunization campaigns and eradication in the United States, it remains a concern in Central Africa, southern Asia and sub-Saharan Africa, most cases are controllable Less than 1% of infections lead to complications that can lead to paralysis and death, and if you received polio vaccinations in childhood, you only need to get one additional vaccination when you travel.
1. You have to bring disease-carrying insect repellent, which you can find everywhere at home and abroad, in your destination, especially mosquitoes, as they can cause malaria and other viral diseases, and dear traveler, do not miss washing your hands well when eating, so as not to suffer from intestinal disorders, and for you Know that mosquitoes can bite through tight clothing, so you should wear long, loose-fitting pants and long-sleeved shirts, especially in the evening.
2. Don’t drink the tap water, just drink the bottled mineral water that you are used to at your destination, this is crucial when traveling to a different place, and it does not necessarily mean that the water is unclean, it just means that the water in the new place may not be compatible With your digestive system and bowel movement, he also warns you should eat local foods before you test them well, your stomach’s ability to digest may not include all types of local food.
3. It is necessary to strengthen the strength of your immune system before traveling by taking vitamins, minerals, nutritious food, as well as exercising, these things are necessary to strengthen you and enable you to visit all the attractions in the place you are visiting, and do not let illness force you to spoil your trip, during illness you may have to To spend more extra money earmarked for enjoyment to buy medicines.